Sociology by Aditya Mongra

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Free Orientation Lecture: 1st April 2019 (Monday, 5:00pm) and 1st May 2019 (Wednesday, 5:00pm)

How to prepare Sociology optional for Civil Services Examination

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Dear Candidate, given the Limited Time that you have and the Infinite Syllabus that you have to prepare for the Civil Services Examination, it becomes very important to manage your time wisely and utilize your energy efficiently. It becomes all the more important in light of the fierce competition that you face ahead. Here, I recall a line from the book You Can Win by Shiv Khera, that,

“Winners don’t do different things, they do things differently”.

Now, I would like to brief you about how our approach is different from the rest, for preparing Sociology optional for the Civil Services Examination.

Firstly and foremostly, you must understand that no matter how many sleepless nights you may spend preparing for this examination, ultimately, it is only those 3 hours (at the examination hall during the Mains (Written) Examination) that are going to decide your fate. So it is very important for the candidates to prepare their subject strictly in an Exam Oriented manner. What is important here is not how much you have studied for the exam but how much you would be able to write at the time of the exam? So, what is important here is not to master the subject in all its possible details but rather, one should prepare the subject strictly in a professional manner keeping in mind the demands for ‘conceptual clarity’, ‘analytical reasoning’ and ‘correct writing expression’ as set forth by Union Public Service Commission. Only then one can hope to cover the syllabus for this exam in a time-bound manner with better chances of success. This you would realize step-by-step as you move along these notes and with vital inputs from my side at regular intervals.

Secondly, one must follow a Theme-Based Approach instead of Topic-Based Approach, whereby one should identify the major theme that underlies a given topic and runs through several other related sub-topics. Particularly, in light of the revised syllabus and the changing orientation of the Civil Services Examination, it has become all the more important to adopt theme-based approach because many a times questions are also asked on topics which are not mentioned in the syllabus. Though at the outset such questions may appear to be out of syllabus to the candidate actually they are not. Questions on such topics are basically of implied nature and thus very much a part of the major themes that underlie the mentioned topic. So by following a theme-based approach, we can cover not only the topics that are mentioned in the syllabus but also those which are implied in nature.

Thus, following a theme-based approach you would not only realize the depth of understanding that is expected from candidates at this examination but also it would keep you focused throughout your preparation. Please note that the theme-based approach would help you develop Mental Framework of the entire syllabus. Further, once you are confident that you have understood the broader dimensions of the theme then it would also resist your temptation to collect more and more study material on the same topic. Thus, saving you both time as well as energy. You will learn this art as we proceed with the syllabus.

So, when I say Read Relevantly, I simply imply that given the limitations of time and energy, one should focus only on the important themes that underlie a given topic. Otherwise, given the vastness of the syllabus, it would be impossible to do justice with all the topics mentioned in the syllabus in a time span of 3-4 months. Students must understand that just any information on the topic mentioned in the syllabus may not be equally important from the examination point of view. Hence we have to exercise selectivity.

To Think Logically implies that you must correlate your arguments in a logical manner. This will happen only if you have a thorough grasp of the concepts. So, Conceptual Understanding and Conceptual Interlinking both are very important. But equally important is its practical application in the contemporary scenario. So, whatever concepts or theories you study in the syllabus, you must also try to relate them to the contemporary society and changes therein. Please remember that conceptual clarity and its practical application is equally important at the Interview stage as well, as you may be asked to define or explain any sociological concept and to contextualize it in the light of contemporary developments, both in the national and international arena.

Write Relevantly is the most critical stage of all. As I mentioned in the beginning that no matter how much you might have studied and what all sources you might have referred, ultimately it is your answer sheet that determines your destiny. Thus, your written answer must be a perfect blend of conceptual clarity, conceptual interlinking, and sociological language. More importantly, such an answer needs to be produced on paper within the Time-and-Word Limit.

Dear Candidate, ultimately, you get only those 3 hours to convince the examiner that how dedicated you are about Civil Services and what importance does it carry in your life. So, with our Dialectical Approach (see the page. 49) to answer writing we will make sure that all your efforts and sacrifices made during the course of preparation for this exam find a reflection in our answers. So along with working hard (Hard Work), we also need to work smartly (Smart Work). As you would proceed with the chapters you would be guided about note-making and answer-writing. Please follow the instructions sincerely.

Thank You

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